This is the first study to assess the chemicals in e-cigarettes among adolescent use, highlighting the need to warn teenagers that there is not much known about the possible negative health risks associated with e-cigarettes. E-cigarettes are more an more used by teenagers because of the massive marketing campaigns that promote them as safe alternatives to classic smoking. "In contrast, youth who have already begun cigarette experimentation represent a population at high risk of progression to greater levels of cigarette use later in adolescence and into adulthood", Benjamin W. Chaffee, DDS, MPH, PhD, from the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education and the department of preventive and restorative dental sciences at the University of California, San Francisco, and colleagues wrote.
In their turn, the teenagers who consume e-cigs, exclusively, presented by 300% higher amounts of toxins in their urine samples in comparison to the teenagers who don't smoke or vape.
The study consisted of saliva and urine tests from 67 e-cigarette-only San Francisco-area users, 16 users of both cigarettes and e-cigarettes, and 20 age-matched controls who had not used e-cigarettes or nicotine, the American Academy of Pediatrics said.
Dr. John Spangler of the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center explained the dangers of some of the chemicals the study found.
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According to the State of New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, crotonaldehyde is a colorless to straw-colored liquid with a strong odor used in making other chemicals and as a warning agent in gas fuels.
None of the chemicals - which included benzene, ethylene, oxide, acrylonitrile, acrolein and acrylamide - were found in non-smokers. If you breathe it in it will irritate your lungs.
Propylene oxide and crotonaldeyde are probable carcinogens, the EPA says, while acrylamide's role in causing cancer is more controversial. "But when they're heated to the high temperatures required for vaporization, they can produce toxic substances that are potentially carcinogenic", he said.
"Among our e-cigarette-only participants, the use of fruit-flavored products produced significantly higher levels of the metabolites of acrylonitrile", the scientists wrote in their findings.
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E-#Cigarettes have become extremely popular over the years as they are known for being less risky in comparison to conventional cigarettes. "While they may be beneficial to adults as a form of harm reduction, kids should not be using them at all".
'E-cigarettes have the potential to addict the next generation, ' he said. "These are not benign chemicals".
Last week, a study of almost 70,000 people found that daily e-cigarette use can double the risk for heart attack.
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